What is white willow?
Salix alba is the botanical name of white willow. The other common names for white willow are willow, common willow and European willow. The genus name of the willows, Salix, derives from the Celtic sal, which means “near,” and lis, “water.” The specific name, alba, is a Latin word which means “white”, and it refers to the color of the leaves’ undersides.
It comprises of about 300 species. Some species grow very tall up to 25m or more. Some of them grow up to 1.5-2m only.
It is a deciduous tree. Its native is Europe and Western and Central Asia. They are found from Arctic area to South Africa.
How to identify white willow?
As seen earlier, the tree may be medium sized or very tall. They have rounded crown of branches. They have a weak stem that get easily broken during storms.
If you are looking for the tree in the wild, you should first look in places that are far from ponds, stream, river and other sources of water.
The upper surface of the shiny leaves is grayish green in color. The color changes to yellow when they are ready to whither.The leaves are paler than other species of willow because of the silky white hairy appearance under them.
The bark of white willow is slightly yellow in color. The limbs of the branches extend up to the ground. There is sure to be a lot of litter beneath the tree that includes broken twigs, branches and withered leaves.
Does white willow have medical benefits?
White willow has a lot of medicinal benefits. It has been used thousands of years before to cure many health conditions. It was in the early eighteenth century that it was first found that the bark of white willow contained salicin that treated pain and fever effectively. The extracts were used to make the first aspirin in the later part of eighteenth century.
What are the health properties of white willow?
The bark and leaves of white willow are useful in treating the following.
1. It is used for getting relief from pains. It is effective in treating lower back pain, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
2. Its anti-inflammatory properties are useful in reducing the inflammation.
3. It reduces the symptoms of flu and other types of fever.
4. It is helpful in lowering the symptoms of menopause like night sweats and hot flashes.
5. They have been successfully used to remove warts, corns and unnecessary flesh from the body.
6. Although it is not very effective for weight loss when it is used alone, it boosts the metabolism of the body and helps in weight loss when combined with other herbs.
7. It gives relief from headaches and toothaches.
8. It is useful to people who are at the risk of getting strokes because of its blood thinning properties.
9. It is also used to treat bursitis and tendonitis.
Why is it preferred over aspirin?
It starts to act later than aspirin, but the effects remains for a longer duration of time. Moreover, it does not cause stomach bleeding.
- helps to protect the gut lining from inflammation and irritation
- reduces dysentery and diarrhea
- great for weak digestion, dyspepsia, heartburn acidity and worms
- decongestant for head colds, flu and fevers
- reestablishes strength after disease
- alleviates pain
- acts as an anti-inflammatory for rheumatism, arthritis, gout, muscular aches, backache, tendonitis, bursitis and sprains
- useful for fevers and headaches
- cures malaria
- decreases fluid retention
- aids to remove toxins via urine
- make use lotion for cuts and wounds
- make gargles for irritated throats
- mouthwash for mouth ulcers and bleeding gum
- put poultices on inflamed joints
How to use white willow?
It can be used as tea, tincture and tablets or liquid form. The dosage depends upon the form in which you are taking it.
- You can drink four or more cups of white willow tea a day.
- If you are going for the tincture form, you can take 3-5 ml three times a day.
- If you are going for tablets or liquid form you can take 60-240 mg a day.
How to prepare white willow decoction and tea?
Decoction for white willow herbal tea can be prepared by boiling root, bark, leaves and seeds. They should be boiled in water and simmered to make sure that all medicinal properties are fully extracted. It can be either drunk or used topically for sores or gargled to heal toothaches and throat aches.
If you cannot get the parts of white willow, it is not a matter of concern. It is available in powder form in almost all stores that sell herbal supplements. Take 2 tablespoons of the powder and boil it in 8 ounces of water. When it starts to boil, simmer it for 10-15 minutes. Then let it steep for half an hour. Filter the tea and add lemon, honey or sugar to suit your taste.
How to prepare white willow tincture?
The ratio of white willow powder and the solvent is 1:5. The solvent used here is grain alcohol. Dissolve it thoroughly and store it in a airtight container for 2 weeks. Then strain it. You can mix it with water, milk, juice or tea.
What are the side effects of white willow?
- The side effects include renal damage, tinnitus and gastrointestinal problems.
- It may cause other side effects like vomiting, nausea and stomach ulcers etc.
- It is not advisable for pregnant and lactating women.
- don’t use if allergic to salicylates and in bleeding problems
- children and teenagers with chickenpox, flu or any undiagnosed illness should avoid it due to chance of Reye’s syndrome
What are the interactions of white willow?
- It should not be taken while taking medications like beta blockers, diuretics, anticoagulants and NSAID etc.
- employ with caution with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen
White willow is a wonderful herb with many medicinal properties, but it is better to take it after consulting your doctor.